Goat Farming In India

Commercial goat farming in India is becoming very popular day by day. As goat farming is a proven highly profitable business idea so, the popularity of this business is increasing rapidly in India. Human populations are growing, and creating a significant and increasing demand for additional animal protein foods. The goat can play an important role in meeting these demands. It is also one of the finest and established livestock management department in the country. Huge market demand and proper spread ensures fast profitability and sustainability of this business for long term. But the commercial goat farming and it’s market in India have been adopted by some large and progressive producers, industrialists, businessman and large companies. This type producers or large companies control a citable portion of the total market. Continuously increasing demand of goat meat and skin(leather) in India is a hope for widely spreading this industry. In India, the goats are among the main meat producing animals. Most of the people prefer goat meat and has a huge domestic demand. Along with meat production, goats are also very suitable for milk, fiber and skin production. They also produce high quality manure which helps to increase the crop production. Goat has a great and important contribution in the rural economy. Specifically in mountainous, semi-arid and arid regions of India. There are more than 25% goats among the total livestock in the country.

Benefits of Goat Farming In India:

  • Goats are multi purpose animal which can produce milk, meat, fiber, skin together.              Compared to cow and other livestock farming,goat farming requires less space and additional facilities.
  • They have a less demand of housing and other management.
  • In small scale production they are also able to share their homes with their owners and his/her other livestock.
  • Production costs like infrastructure, feeding and treatment are less.
  • You don’t have to think about marketing your farm products. Because there are already an established market in the country for marketing your products. Markets gets generated at your own place as you start breeding goats.
  • It is really very easy to maintain a goat farm compared to other farm animals.                 
  • Goats can adopt themselves with almost all types of agro-climatic conditions. And diseases are less in goats when they are vaccinated periodically.
  • They are smaller in size but reach slaughter age faster.
  • Goat products like meat and milk has no religious taboo. And highly accepted for consumption throughout the world.

Starting Goat Farming in India:

If you want to start goat farming in India, then you must have to go with some step by step process. First of all try to have a training on goat farming from your nearest livestock farming or training center or can follow our goat farm project report for broder view.

Select A Suitable Location:
Almost all areas of India are very suitable for goat farming. You can select a land for goat farming near your home or select a land which has all types of facilities for successful goat farming business like availability of water through out the year,fertile land for cultivation of fodder,easily approachable by road. Ensure availability of all types of veterinary service in the area. If not available, stock all types of necessary vaccines and medicines in your farm.

Selecting a proer bred for goat farming:

In india presently there are 22 Indian goat breeds available for goat farming some of them are-osmanababadi,jamunapari,beetel,sirohi,sojat,totapari,malbari,sangamneri,berari, talacherry,black bengal etc.The foreign breeds are boer,sannen and damascus.Select a breed which provides you high returns in lesser time,should have high resistant power against diseases, gets easily marketed,attains desirable weight gain in shorter time span,produces multiple kiddings.

Housing:

Housing is very important for commercial goat farming in India. But, most of the goat farmers in India used to raise goats in small scale and keep them with their other livestock animals like sheep or cattle. This type of goat rearing system can’t produce maximum production. So, for setting up commercial goat farm, you must have to build a dedicated goat housing system. Nowadays, goat housing design with stall feeding system is very popular and this system ensures high production and profit than other traditional systems. However, consider the followings while making house for commercial goat farming in India.

  • For profitable commercial production, you must have to keep your goats in clean pens that is free of dampness, drafts and pests like flies and rodents.
  • Make proper ventilation system and ensure flow of sufficient fresh air and light.
  • Make suitable drainage and sanitation system inside the house. So that, you can easily clean the house.
  • Try to make the house in higher place to keep the house always dry.
  • The house must have to be free from entrancing flood water and rain water directly inside the house. Because, the goats hates rain.
  • Make proper temperature control system so that you can easily keep your goats warm in winter season and moderate temperature in summer season.
  • Keep all the feeding and watering equipment neat and clean.
  • Goat housing design vary according to the production and breeds. Make effective goat housing design (given in our project report) according to your desired production and breeds.
  • Special Care & Management:
    Always take good care of your goats. Monitor all their activities. Separate the weak goats from healthy one and provide necessary treatment. Vaccinate them timely to prevent unwanted problems and for keeping your goats healthy and productive. Never let them to go outside the farm area. In stall feeding system, always feed them fresh and nutritious food with sufficient amount of green elements. Never try to mix contaminated or polluted food elements with their regular food. Take special care to the breeding bucks and does. Take special care to the kids for few weeks. Always keep a record of all your income and expenditures. And finally start raising goats and you will learn the rest special care and management that will make you success in commercial goat farming business in India.