soremouth in goats

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8.Sore mouth in Indian Goats

It is generally seen in rainy season, in all types of Indian goats and sheeps.

Contagious ecthyma, commonly called sore mouth, is a contagious, viral disease of goats and sheep known by several alternative names, including orf, scabby mouth and contagious pustular dermatitis. Sore mouth is common in goats worldwide and can produce painful, thick scabby sores on the lips and gums. Goats infected with sore mouth usually heal completely without scars after one to four weeks. However, in severe cases secondary infections may extend that period. Feed intake may be depressed resulting in weight loss. Sore mouth is not limited to the mouth. A kid with sore mouth lesions can pass the infection to the teats of a doe during suckling. Lesions appearing on udders are painful and the doe may not allow the kids to nurse and may develop mastitis. Very young kids that are severely affected may die. The disease may also be passed from infected animals to others. In addition, scabs which have contaminated the environment may be another source of infection. Milking equipment and bedding contaminated by infected does are other possible sources of infection. The lesions are crusty, and may be secondarily infected with bacteria such as staphylococci and others. Although the lips and gums are most commonly affected, lesions have been reported on the face, ears, coronary bands, scrotum, teats, vulva, neck, chest and flank.

Treatment:

Sore mouth if not treated in its early stage,it gets spread to other herds.So separate the infected goats as soon as they gets infected.Use ointment Vet-O-Max and Glycerin twice a day  on the infected areas, after completely washing the infected area with hydrogen peroxide and cotton for seven days . One can use turmeric powder and fresh butter mixture if these ointments are not available.Mix two tablespoon of turmeric in one tablespoon of butter,and apply the paste gently on infected areas.

The sore mouth virus may infect man. Persons handling affected animals or vaccinating goats or sheep should wear gloves at all times when handling these animals.